Eurojust is an agency of the European Union (EU) dealing with judicial co-operation in criminal matters. The seat of Eurojust is in The Hague.

Its task is to stimulate and improve the co-ordination of investigations and prosecutions among the competent judicial authorities of the EU Member States when they deal with serious cross-border and organized crime. Based on the decision of the 1999 Tampere European Council, Eurojust was set up in 2002 by the Council of the European Union.

Eurojust stimulates and improves the coordination of investigations and prosecutions between the competent authorities in the Member States and improves the cooperation between the competent authorities of the Member States, in particular by facilitating the execution of international mutual legal assistance and the implementation of extradition requests. Eurojust supports in any way possible the competent authorities of the Member States to render their investigations and prosecutions more effective when dealing with cross-border crime.

Eurojust's competence covers the same types of crime and offences for which Europol has competence, such as terrorism, drug trafficking, trafficking in human beings, counterfeiting, money laundering, computer crime, crime against property or public goods including fraud and corruption, criminal offences affecting the European Community's financial interests, environmental crime and participation in a criminal organisation. For other types of offences, Eurojust may assist in investigations and prosecutions at the request of a Member State.

Eurojust may ask the competent authorities of the Member States concerned:
to investigate or prosecute specific acts;
to coordinate with one another;
to accept that one country is better placed to prosecute than another;
to set up a Joint Investigation Team; or
to provide Eurojust with information necessary to carry out its tasks.
Furthermore, Eurojust:
shall ensure that the competent authorities inform each other of investigations and prosecutions of which they have been informed;
shall assist the competent authorities in ensuring the best possible coordination of investigations and prosecutions;
shall give assistance to improve cooperation between the competent national authorities, in particular based on Europol's analyses;
shall cooperate and consult with the European Judicial Network (EJN), and make use of and contribute to the improvement of its documentary database;
may, in accordance with its objectives, try to improve cooperation and coordination between the competent authorities, and forward requests for judicial assistance when they: (i) are made by the competent authority of a Member State, (ii) concern an investigation or prosecution conducted by that authority in a specific case, and (iii) necessitate its intervention with a view to coordinated action;
may assist Europol, particularly with opinions based on analyses carried out by Europol; and
may supply logistical support, e.g. assistance in translation, interpretation and the organisation of coordination meetings.

In our country, with regard to introducing Eurojust in terms of legal cooperation, a seminar titled “Legal Cooperation Practice in Turkey and the EU Member States and Eurojust was organized on 18 -19 January 2010 in Antalya with a participation of 120 judges and public prosecutors. In the seminar, the rapporteur judges of our General Directorate provided information on how to draw up and execute requests for legal assistance in civil and criminal rogatory letters, extradition, and transfer of sentenced persons, child abduction and maintenance. The participants from abroad delivered presentations on duties and functions of European Arrest Warrant, Eurojust and European Judicial Network (EJN).

Furthermore, it was stated in page 84 of the 2010 Progress Report that Turkey participated in the regular meetings of the European Judicial Network (EJN). A website for Eurojust and EJN has been created by the Ministry of Justice on which all requests forwarded to contact points are now being published. No steps have been taken to sign a cooperation agreement with Eurojust. Effective personal data protection regime is crucial for efficient international judicial cooperation. Our Ministry participates actively in EJN meetings and is involved in judicial cooperation with the contact points of relevant countries. 

 
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