SERVICES > LEGAL ASSISTANCE > NOTIFICATION OF PUNISHMENT
I- GENERAL INFORMATION :

The legal basis of international notification procedures in criminal matters consists of; multilateral conventions, mutual conventions and reciprocity principles. The basis in the domestic law consists of the Notifications Law and the Circular on the International Notification on Criminal Matters.

Multilateral Conventions:
Turkey is a party to the European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters). The Notification of punishments are carried out between Turkey and other 45 member states with respect to this treaty. Countries like Azerbaijan and Armenia are also parties to this treaty. USA is not a party to it, but we have a mutual convention with them.

Mutual Conventions :
For the countries which are not party to MLAT and which we have mutual treaties, the criminal notification transactions are carried out according to relevant agreement provisions.

Reciprocality:
For the criminal notification transactions made between the countries that we do not have contractual relations (Turkmenistan, Canada, Kosovo, etc) the principle of reciprocality is applied.

Law:
International Notification Transactions in Criminal Matters are carried out according to the Notification Law with the number 7201. Its articles from 25 to 28 are related to this subject.

Circular:
Main principles of Criminal Notificstion Transactions are regulated with our Ministry’s Circular on International Notification Transactions in Criminal Matters withthe number 69/3 and dating 16.11.2011. In the explanations about the notification, the Circular was referred to. 

Subject of the Criminal Notification:
The subject of the Criminal Notification consists of notifications of judicial verdicts and procedural operations. The Turkish citizens or foreigners which will receive the notification in our country or abroad, might bear the title of a suspect, defendant, sentenced, victim, complainant, participant, legal representative, witness or expert.

The laws of the requested state is to be applied:
International Conventions foresee that the notification requests should be carried out in conformity with laws of the state whose judicial assistance is requested.
Criminal Notification Transaction is free of charge:
It is not necessary to deposit money to the cash desk of the Treasury, since the criminal notification transactions are carried out free of charge.

The letters of request used for notifying the legal verdicts must not be used for Criminal Notifications:
The sample letter of request (with the number 184) which was prepared according to the Hague Convention on Notification of Judicial and Non-Judicial Documents in Foreign Countries on Legal and Commercial Matters dating 15 November 1965 must not be used for criminal notifications.

Language of Notification:

The notification language must be principally the mother tongue of the receiver. If the person lives in a state where there are more than one official language, instead of any official language of the state, (if known) the person’s mother tongue must be preferred.
   
***Click the links below to access other parts…
   
II-
NOTIFICATION TO A FOREIGNER IN A FOREIGN COUNTRY
   
III-
NOTIFICATION TO A TURKISH NATIONAL IN A FOREIGN COUNTRY
   
IV- NOTIFICATION TO A FOREIGN COUNTRY’S DIPLOMATIC REPRESENTATIVE IN TURKEY
   
 
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