(EUROPEAN COMMITTEE ON CRIME PROBLEMS)

ROLE AND FUNCTIONS
Set up in 1958, the European Committee on Crime Problems (CDPC) was entrusted by the Committee of Ministers the responsibility for overseeing and coordinating the Council of Europe’s activities in the field of crime prevention and crime control. The CDPC meets at the headquarters of the Council of Europe in Strasbourg (France).

The CDPC identifies priorities for intergovernmental legal co-operation, makes proposals to the Committee of Ministers on activities in the fields of criminal law and procedure, criminology and penology, and implements these activities.

The CDPC elaborates conventions, recommendations and reports. It organises, amongst others, the Council of Europe Conferences of Ministers of Justice and Conferences of directors of prison administration.

The CDPC holds 2 plenary sessions every year, in which the following participate:

- National delegations from member States
- Representatives of the Parliamentary Assembly and of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe
- Representatives of the European Union
- Observers from Canada, the Holy See, Japan, Mexico and the United States of America
- Observers from intergovernmental and non-governmental organisations.

The working languages of the CDPC are those of the Council of Europe: French and English.
SUBORDINATE BODIES AND THEIR FUNCTIONS

1- CDPC – BU – Bureau of European Committee on Crime Problems

CDPC Bureau is composed of a President and eight members. The members are appointed for a four year term and are not eligible for reappointment and they are responsible for carrying out the aforementioned activities.

2- PC – CP Council for Penelogical Cooperation

PC-CP is the advisory board of CDPC and its members are selected by CDPC.

Under the supervision of the European Committee on Crime Problems (CDPC), the PC-CP is instructed to:

  • follow the development of European prison systems and of the services concerned with the implementation of community sanctions and measures;
  • assess the functioning and implementation of the European Prison Rules1, the European Rules on community sanctions and measures2, the European Rules for juvenile offenders subject to sanctions or measures3, the Council of Europe Probation Rules4 as well as of other relevant Committee of Ministers recommendations, and make proposals for improving their practical application and, if necessary, for their updating with a view to achieving coherence and comprehensiveness of the standards in the area;
  •  prepare binding and non-binding instruments and reports on penological matters;
  • formulate opinions on penological matters at the request of the CDPC, of member states or on its own initiative.

 3- PC – OC Committee of Experts on the Operation of European Conventions in Penal Field

 For over fifty years now, a series of treaties have been negotiated within the Council of Europe which establish a common basis for co-operation in criminal matters across Europe and sometimes beyond. These treaties cover such co-operation mechanisms as extradition, mutual legal assistance and the transfer of sentenced persons, but they also address specific forms of crime which more often than others have a trans-border dimension, such as organised crime, terrorism and cyber-crime.
The Council of Europe’s Committee of Experts on the Operation of European Conventions in the Penal Field (PC-OC / Terms of reference) is the forum in which, since 1981, experts from all member and observer states and organisations come together to elaborate ways to improve international co-operation in criminal matters and identify solutions to practical problems encountered in the application of Council of Europe Conventions in this field.

4- T – CY – Convention Committee on Cybercrime

The Cybercrime Convention Committee (T-CY) represents the State Parties to the Budapest Convention. According to Article 46 of this treaty:
The Parties shall, as appropriate, consult periodically with a view to facilitating:

  • the effective use and implementation of this Convention, including the identification of any problems thereof, as well as the effects of any declaration or reservation made under this Convention;
  • the exchange of information on significant legal, policy or technological developments pertaining to cybercrime and the collection of evidence in electronic form;
  • consideration of possible supplementation or amendment to the Convention.

5- CAHVIO Ad Hoc Committee on Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence

In October2008, the Committee of Ministers set up an expert group mandated to prepare a convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence. In December 2008, CAHVIO Ad Hoc Committee on Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence was established. The Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (Istanbul Convention) was prepared and opened for signature on 11 May 2011 on the occasion of the 121st Session of the Committee of Ministers in Istanbul. The Istanbul Convention is the first legally-binding instrument which "creates a comprehensive legal framework and approach to combat violence against women" and is focused on preventing domestic violence, protecting victims and prosecuting offenders.

 
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